« The Gold of America » : the Eldorado in Expo Seville1992
In 1492, Christopher Columbus discovered America. 500 years later, this discovery was celebrated on the occasion of Expo Seville whose theme was "The Age of Discovery". Consequently, Latin America featured prominently. An impressive building, called "Plaza de America" was dedicated to it and gathered all the countries from this part of the world. Among the various contents proposed, it is the "The Gold of America" exhibition, which captured the visitors' attention most.
The treasures gathered for this exhibition were really impressive. Gold was represented in very different forms and the visitor was given details about how it was used during the Pre-Columbian era. For instance, we learn that gold was synonymous with religious, social but also political power. It was the favoured decoration for the various ceremonies that were the tempo of life in the Pre-Columbian era.
The richness of this exhibition was mainly due to the great diversity of works shown to the visitors. In fact, the most important Pre-Columbian civilizations were represented. The Quimbaya Treasure was indisputably the most important part of the exhibition: it was made of about 200 items found in 1890 during excavation. Then, it was given to the Queen of Spain Maria Christina. Among these objects was a lot of jewellery: necklaces, pendants, and bracelets... They shared a distinctive feature: most of them had a human form.
With a little imagination, visitors could picture Calima warriors or a Chimu chief thanks to the exhibition of their equipment and costumes. Last but not least, the visitors discovered a striking variety of the know-how and methods used to shape precious metals.
This extraordinary content was gathered thanks to a great cooperation between some museums. A number of them participated: the Museo del oro of Bogota, Madrid's Museo de America, the Museum of the Banco de Reserva of Peru and the Archaeological Museum Rafael Larco Herrera. The pooling of their incredible collections made "The Gold of America" an amazing exhibition that shed a new light upon the Pre-Columbian civilizations. In this way, visitors had the opportunity to immerse in this millennia-old culture and appreciate its wonders. Finally, it is above all the biggest exhibition ever organized on this theme and unquestionably the most remarkable cultural event in World Expositions' history.