The Paris exposition of 1867 is the second universal exhibition which took place in Paris after 1855, decision made once again this time by the Emperor Napoleon III, marking the peak of the Empire II.
The main idea of this exhibition was the better understanding between nations and the bringing peace through this Exchange.
This exhibition was not given as a goal to bring produce from foreign countries and expose them but also to make their way of life known to the French public and to allow a better interaction between different cultures through the pavilions. The invention of the concept of pavilions is the most important innovation of this exhibition. This concept was taken up at all shows after 1867.
Very innovative products appeared at this exhibition as for example the new diver to swim under water, but also one that resists fire, hydraulic elevator, reinforced concrete, machinery manufacturing soft drinks and many others. It is on the occasion of the exhibition in 1867 that the “bateaux-mouches” as a means of tourist transport made their first appearance on the Seine.
As no other World Exposition before it, the Exposition Universelle 1867 attracted the regents of the whole world. For the first time, even a Turkish sultan left his country to take part in the meeting of nations´ representatives. This unbroken parade of princely visits went on for six months, a parade which was popularly known as the "Nations´ Ballet". And even the rulers of the three continental powers who had fought against Napoleon I up until the year 1814 returned for the first time to Paris: the Austrian emperor Franz Joseph I, the Prussian King Wilhelm I with his chancellor Bismarck and the Russian Tsar Alexander II.
The Promenade, the park with its rest rooms, restaurants of different nations, pavilions and different designs ranging from chapels to the lighthouse, passing by the Egyptian Palace and the Russian village also constituted a set of new giving to this exhibition look worthy of a world's fair size and diversity.